Isothermal Modelling of the Adsorption of Cibacron Blue onto Bean Peel
Keywords:Biosorption, Cibacron Blue, Bean peel, Isotherm, Langmuir
Biosorption is a sort of sorption technology in which the sorbent is a substance that is biologically sourced. In today's world, biosorption is seen as a simple, inexpensive, and ecologically friendly way for removing pollutants from the environment. One of the branches of bioremediation that is utilised to decrease environmental pollution in the context of minimising improper textile waste disposal is this method. The sorption isotherm of Cibacron Blue onto bean peel were analyzed using ten modelsâ€”Henry, Langmuir, Dubinin-Radushkevich, Freundlich, BET, Toth, Sips, Fritz-Schlunder IV, Baudu and Fritz-Schlunder V, and fitted using non-linear regression. Statistical analysis based on root-mean-square error (RMSE), adjusted coefficient of determination (adjR2), bias factor (BF), accuracy factor (AF), corrected AICc (Akaike Information Criterion), BIC and HQC showed that the Freundlich model was the best model in terms of overall best criteria. The calculated evidence ratio was 8 with an AICc probability value of 0.89 indicating that the best model was at least 8 times better than the nearest best model, which was Sips. The calculated Freundlich parameters KF (Freundlich isotherm constant) and nF (Freundlich exponent) were 5.369 (L/g) (95% confidence interval from 4.359 to 6.379) and 3.125 (95% confidence interval from 2.717 to 3.533). The Langmuir constant was utilized to calculate the maximum adsorption capacity QmL (mg/g) which gave a value of 27.83 mg/g (95% confidence interval from 23.69 to 31.98). The nonlinear regression method allows for the parameter values to be represented in the 95% confidence interval range which can better allow comparison with published results.
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