Isolation and characterisation of a Mo-reducing bacterium from Malaysian soil

  • Hui-Sin Chee Dept of Biochemistry, Faculty of Biotechnology and Biomolecular Sciences, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia.
  • Motharasan Manogaran Dept of Biochemistry, Faculty of Biotechnology and Biomolecular Sciences, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia.
  • Zarizal Suhaili Faculty of Agriculture and Biotechnology, Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin, Gong Badak, 21300 Kuala Terengganu, Terengganu, Malaysia.
  • Mohd Hafeez Yakasai Dept of Biochemistry, Faculty of Biotechnology and Biomolecular Sciences, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia.
  • Mohd Fadhil Abd Rahman Dept of Biochemistry, Faculty of Biotechnology and Biomolecular Sciences, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia.
  • Nor Aripin Shamaan Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Islamic Science University of Malaysia, 13th Floor, Tower B, Persiaran MPAJ, Jalan Pandan Utama, Pandan Indah, 55100 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
  • Nur Adeela Yasid Dept of Biochemistry, Faculty of Biotechnology and Biomolecular Sciences, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia.
  • Ahmad Razi Othman Department of Chemical Engineering and Process, Faculty of Engineering and Built Environment, Universiti Kebangsaan, Malaysia (UKM), 43600 Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia.

Abstract

The issue of heavy metal contamination and toxic xenobiotics has become a rapid global concern. This has ensured that the bioremediation of these toxicants, which are being carried out using novel microbes. A bacterium with the ability to reduce molybdenum has been isolated from contaminated soils and identified as Serratia marcescens strain DR.Y10. The bacterium reduced molybdenum (sodium molybdate) to molybdenum blue (Mo-blue) optimally at pHs of between 6.0 and 6.5 and temperatures between 30°C and 37°C. Glucose was the best electron donor for supporting molybdate reduction followed by sucrose, adonitol, mannose, maltose, mannitol glycerol, salicin, myo-inositol, sorbitol and trehalose in descending order. Other requirements include a phosphate concentration of 5 mM and a molybdate concentration of between 10 and 30 mM. The absorption spectrum of the Mo-blue produced was similar to the previously isolated Mo-reducing bacterium and closely resembles a reduced phosphomolybdate. Molybdenum reduction was inhibited by Hg (ii), Ag (i), Cu (ii), and Cr (vi) at 78.9, 69.2, 59.5 and 40.1%, respectively. We also screen for the ability of the bacterium to use various organic xenobiotics such as phenol, acrylamide, nicotinamide, acetamide, iodoacetamide, propionamide, acetamide, sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) and diesel as electron donor sources for aiding reduction. The bacterium was also able to grow using amides such as acrylamide, propionamide and acetamide without molybdenum reduction. The unique ability of the bacterium to detoxify many toxicants is much in demand, making this bacterium a vital means of bioremediation.
Published
2017-12-31
How to Cite
CHEE, Hui-Sin et al. Isolation and characterisation of a Mo-reducing bacterium from Malaysian soil. Bioremediation Science and Technology Research, [S.l.], v. 5, n. 2, p. 17-24, dec. 2017. ISSN 2289-5892. Available at: <http://journal.hibiscuspublisher.com/index.php/BSTR/article/view/359>. Date accessed: 21 may 2018.
Section
Articles